Short Guide to Geo-Botanical Surveying

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Plant-geography upon a physiological basis. English translation [by William R. Allgemeine Vegetationsgeographie. S5 : Shennikov, Aleksandr Petrovich,.

March 2017

Vvedenie v geobotaniku. Species plantarum : flora of the world. S6X PT. Steyn, G. Hi Herbarium Library:Available. S76X : Stott, Philip Anthony. T Crovello with the assist Herbarium Library:Available. T7 : Troll, Carl,. T8 : Turrill, W. V : Viktorov, S. Viktorov, Ye. Vostokova [and] D. W9X : Wulff, E. Aquatic botany. C66X : Cook, Christopher D.

M37X : Mason, Georgia. Figure 31 shows the location of this ecological analoguesite categorized as a Type 3b because of its low tree density i. The location of Site R is shown on this color infrared aerial photograph. The macroplot is found at the lower left position to the numerical designation. The open nature and low canopycover of the dominant jackpine trees i. Also, visible is theunique occurrence of the medium shrub soapberry Shepherdia canadensis ; this is the onlyoccurrence of this medium shrub in any analogue sites selected by this study.

Soapberry ismuch more abundant on sites throughout the region where the soil calcium content and pH arehigher than is typical for Ecological Analogue Type 3. Otherwise, the vegetationcharacteristics of Site R are similar to the norm for Ecological Analogue 3. Stereo view of Site R Note the dark medium shrubs located just behind and to the left of the site number cards in the center foreground of the photographs. These are soapberry which are only found in this site. Figure 33 shows the soil pit excavated at Site R The Ae horizon is quite indistinct, darkergray and thin at this site; differing in these features from the typical Type 3 soils.

However,textural makeup and chemical characteristics are typical of the soils found in EcologicalAnalogue Type 3. Soil pit excavated at Site R The exact location of Site R is shown in Figure The location of Site R is shown in this color infrared aerial photograph. The macroplot is located at the lower left of the numerical designation. Note the many down jackpine stems common here. Aerial oblique view looking southward over Site R The aerial view in Figure 36 illustrates the excellent edge exposure of this stand shown in themiddle of the image.

The black spruce bog in the foreground possesses a very narrow ecotone Ecosat Geobotanical Surveys Inc. The jackpine are significantly taller than the black sprucefronting them i. Only a few scattered black spruce greaterthan 5m in height occur at the edge of these two ecosystems. The helicopter landing site isseen in the left center of this image within the light yellowish brown-colored sedge fen. Theonly significant variance in understory vegetation found at Site R is the slightly highercover of twin-flower versus the norm for Ecological Analogue Type 3 i.

The height of this dune never exceeds 2m above thesurrounding bogs. As a result, Site R is characterized as Ecological Analogue Type 2because of the slightly greater soil moisture availability than is normal for Ecological AnalogueType 3. This soil moisture condition leads to a significant cover 3.

Figure 37 shows the location of Site R and Figure 38 shows the stand characteristics. Location of Site R on the eastern end of a long, low-rising sand dune Blueberry Vaccinium myrtilloides and green reindeer lichen cover are significantly greater inthis ecological analogue type than in Type 3 in general i. The shallow depth-to-groundwater in this ecological analogue type i. The open canopy provides a high availabilityof effective sunlight leading to optimum conditions for green reindeer lichen development.

Awell-known phenomenon illustrated here is the reduced height growth, lack of natural branchpruning on the lower trunks, and commensurate greater basal area increment growth per tree insuch open-grown conifer stands. This is a nearly universal phenomenon in western andnorthern North America coniferous forests and is true in these well-drained dry site jackpine-dominated boreal forest ecosystems. Figure 38 shows a high oblique view looking south ofSite R The fairly sharp edge between the jackpine ecological analogue stand and blackspruce bog fronting it on the north edge are clear.

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A narrow m wide but fairly tall ca. No significant differences areevident between them. An oblique aerial view of Site R looking southward.

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Figure 40 shows its location on a highresolution color infrared aerial photograph. Figure 41 shows an oblique view of R Site R located adjacent to the extensive McClelland Fen The macroplot is positioned to the lower left of the numerical designation. Site R is a fairly typicalEcological Analogue Type 3b ecosystem; however, the cover of lingonberry and big red stemmoss are somewhat higher than the norm i.

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  7. The Ae horizon is fairly thin and strongly undulating. Site R islocated Figure 43 shows the location of SiteR on an island of glaciofluvial parent materials: sands on the west half and coarser-textured materials on the east half. The west is dominated by jackpine and the east by aspen. The island rises m above the fens. SiteR is located on the lower slope on the west side of this sand mound. The macroplot islocated to the lower left of the numerical designation. Figure 44 shows an oblique view of Site R Hi oblique view northward of Site R Figure 45 shows astereo view of Site R The soil at Site R is seen in Figure The Ae is cm thick and the B is 50cm thick.

    All other soil characteristics are normal for Ecological Analogue Type 3Figure Figure 47 shows it occurs on a sand dune found in an extensive dune field south of theAthabasca River. The location of Site R on the east side of a large peninsula of a sand dune. The macroplot is found at the lower left of the numerical designation. The hi oblique view of Site R shown below Figure 48 shows the overstory cover. Hi oblique view westward of Site R Immediately adjacent to the jackpine dune is a narrow fringe m wide of tallerblack spruce to m tall.

    The upland jackpine are 18m tall and combined with the duneelevation, the jackpine tower at least 12m above the tops of the adjacent tall black spruce.

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    The understory at R possesses a normal composition for Ecological Analogue Type 3. Soil at Site R is a medium sand-textured eluviated dystric brunisol as shown in Figure It is foundon an isolated glaciofluvial sand ridge trending west-northwest, as shown on Figure Location of Site R on a color infrared aerial photograph. Figure 52 shows a low oblique view southward of Site R in the photo center. The shortblack spruce m bog to the north of R provides a good fetch with the tops of thejackpine trees at least 10m above the tops of the black spruce.

    Low oblique view of Site R Quick Upload. Featured Examples. Creation Tutorial. Video Tutorial.


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    View in Fullscreen Report. Read the Text Version. No Text Content! December 31, 4analogue types were grouped together for analyses. December 31, 5The consequence is that biomonitoring using the best measure of sulfur loading i. December 31, 6to prestratify the region into those combinations of factors thought to provide sites most highlysusceptible to acid emissions. December 31, 9Five 5 overstory jackpine Pinus banksiana Lamb. December 31, 10sites for the dominant understory pant species, i.

    December 31, 11 3. December 31, 14 3. December 31, 16Figure 6. December 31, 17Figure 8. December 31, 18One hundred seventy-eight of these sites appear to be of high quality, with propercharacteristics to serve as long-term biomonitoring sites for the TEEM AOSR program. December 31, 20Table 1 shows the location and stand characteristics for the high quality sites identified with the airphotos and surveyed in the May field reconnaissance work. December 31, 21R December 31, 24Figure December 31, 25Figure December 31, 27Table 4. December 31, 28All of these fifteen 15 new potential ecological analogue biomonitoring sites are dominatedby jackpine in the tree canopy and Cladina mitis, Vaccinium myrtilloides, and Arctostaphylosuva-ursi in the understory.

    December 31, 30 7. December 31, 31The soil profile shown in Figure 17 illustrates the major differentiating characteristics ofEcological Analogue Type 8. December 31, 32Figure December 31, 33Figure December 31, 34Figure December 31, 35This site occurs on a tall north-south trending ridge elevated 3. December 31, 37Figure December 31, 38Figure 30 is an oblique aerial view of Site R looking to the northwest.

    December 31, 39Figure 32 shows a stereo view of the interior of Site R December 31, 40Figure December 31, 41Figure 35 shows a stereo view of the interior of Site R Search for books, journals or webpages All Pages Books Journals. View on ScienceDirect. Authors: S. Viktorov Ye. Vostokova D. Editors: R. Rollins G. Imprint: Pergamon. Published Date: 1st January Page Count: Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices.

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    Institutional Subscription. Free Shipping Free global shipping No minimum order. The text is a valuable source of data for readers interested in geo-botanical surveying. Introduction Chapter I.