A History of the German Language Through Texts
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Right now there are no fixed timings for study. In , those themes will be distributed as follows:.
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The historical development of German grammar is outlined in a series of longitudinal studies looking at the whole span of the history of the language, supported with material available in digital corpora as well as print text collections. The key topics are auxiliaries and the rise of the two-verb phrase; the marking of number, gender and case in the noun phrase; negation, and V2 and the verbal brace.
The reasons why German is generally less grammatically innnovative than related languages such as English and Dutch are explored, and there is an opportunity to look at closely related languages and dialects to see how some changes are favoured while others such as the do-auxiliary are not.
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This discussion dovetails with the overall topic of standardization which is a key element in topic areas 1 and 4. This module focuses on the earliest stage of German, considering the regional and temporal diversity of the period from We look at the representation of key sound changes in the earliest forms of written German, at the contrast between inheritance and innovation in German morphology, and at the emergence of characteristic word order patterns. These phenomena are illustrated through data from a range of early texts, looking particularly at early religious texts which allow a comparison between different regions, including northern texts in Old Saxon.
Text classes enable the study of longer texts in Old High German. The following texts will be studied in detail, and passages for commentary will be set from them in the exam. The Freisinger Paternoster Bavarian, 9th c. Three versions of the story of the feeding of the five thousand. In the period the German language witnessed a vast expansion, geographically and functionally.
Colonization of lands east of the Elbe resulted in a large increase of German-speaking territory; economic and social changes associated with a growing population encouraged the increased use of the written vernacular alongside Latin, and for a variety of uses. Although courtly romances and lyrics by authors such as Hartmann von Aue and Walther von der Vogelweide are nowadays the most widely known products of the explosion of written text-production in the Middle High German period, these literary texts represent only a small proportion of the total corpus, which covers religious writing, law and administration, and practical handbooks of all kinds.
This module will examine important and often controversial aspects of Middle High German: the much-debated existence of a standard form of the written language; the phonological and morphological development of the language over time; regional varieties of written MHG. Standardization, Purism and Sprachkritik since the 19th century.
The 19th century has long been neglected in German linguistic historiography as a consequence of the widely-held view that standardization had already been accomplished by the end of the 18th century, and that after the grammar of Gottsched and dictionary of Adelung, there was little left to be done. From the late 19th century to the present, the German language has at times become a political football, with a strong tradition of journalistic and academic Sprachkritik challenging the role of loanwords, changes in spelling, and prescription vs.
The teaching for this paper is delivered via a weekly lecture, supplemented with text classes for the Old and Middle High German modules.
Supervisions are held fortnightly throughout the year. For the Ge. The password can be collected from the paper coordinator. The examination is divided into five sections, one for each topic area and a general section. Candidates answer a total of three questions, taking each from a different section. A specimen examination paper can be seen here.
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For students wishing to offer an optional dissertation to replace this paper, topics may be considered which focus on any period in the history of German, or which compare standard German and any of its varieties, or which incorporate a comparison with closely related languages such as Dutch. Any theoretical approach which is established within linguistics may be adopted. Search site. International students Continuing education Executive and professional education Courses in education. Research at Cambridge. What do students of German do after graduation?
A Brief History of the Moravian Daily Texts
FAQ: Isn't German a very hard language to learn? GE History of the German Language. This paper is available for the academic year Morphosyntactic Change in the History of German The historical development of German grammar is outlined in a series of longitudinal studies looking at the whole span of the history of the language, supported with material available in digital corpora as well as print text collections.
Left sentence periphery, verb placement and verb-second. John Benjamins: Amsterdam. Berlin: Erich Schmidt. Eine kontrastive Analyse von zehn Verben in zehn germanischen Sprachen. Szczepaniak, Renata Grammatikalisierung im Deutschen. Introductory reading Bostock, J.
Hurraki is an German online dictionary that works in a similar vein to Wikipedia, with an emphasis on plain language. It is an online community where people are able to add and edit articles in simple German. The website is designed to be easy to reference and read. A brilliant way to get German reading practice is to re-read books you have already read in your native language. By picking books that are already familiar to you, you may find it easier to translate the stories and keep in the loop with what is going on.
If you grew up devoted to the Harry Potter series and devoured the books in your youth, why not try reading them in German? As the story will be familiar to you, you will find it easier to translate what it is you are reading. If you wish to delve deeper into the world of German culture, take up the challenge of reading novels written by German speaking authors. Franz Kafka was a famous novelist of the 20th century, publishing both books and short stories.
Die Verwandlung or The Metamorphosis is one of his most celebrated novels, that can be purchased in a dual-language format. It too can be bought online as a dual-language book, making it ideal for intermediate learners. Rowling, penning fantasy tales for young adults. Tintenherz or Inkheart is the first book of a trilogy about a young girl and her father, who have the ability to bring characters to life by reading a story aloud. Chaos ensues! If the idea of reading an entire novel in a foreign language is a bit too overwhelming for you at this point in your language education, consider reading short stories instead.
It explores the daily life in the German capital, offering insights about the country and people from a foreign perspective. The text is targeted at beginners and aims to help language learners build upon their knowledge of isolated words and phrases, to understanding how these can be worked into sentences. Wladimir Kaminer is a Russian-born German short story writer.
Although Russian is his first language, his entire literary output is in German. In describing what it is he writes about, Kaminer claims to make notes about the world, the past, present and future, social reality and life observed through the eyes of a migrant. His first book Russian Disco , is a series of short, autobiographical essays about life in Berlin just after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Use this book as a resource for German reading practice, as well as a direct account of what life was like during one of the most exciting and rapidly changing times in modern German history.
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm were German academics who collected and published folktales during the 19th century. The Grimm Brothers' original stories are still popular at bedtime — the words of watered down versions of the tales, told to children by parents world over with the hopes of carrying them off to sleep! The Grimm Brothers' folk stories are tales many of you would have grown up both reading and having read to you. This makes them an excellent resource for building upon your reading skills in German.go here
German texts remains instead of english - SAP Q&A
As the original stories are no longer copyrighted, there are resources available online which feature dual language versions of stories such as Little Red Riding Hood. Take this opportunity to give yourself a German language lesson! Read the text in German, while referring to the English translation. One you are across the German text, try taking a short quiz to test your knowledge. Written and illustrated by Wilhelm Busch and published in , it is a humorous tale told in rhyming couplets. The book is well known and adored across German-speaking countries and remains a popular choice for bedtime stories for not yet literate children.